Articles by Jerome Workman, Jr. - Spectroscopy
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Articles by Jerome Workman, Jr.

Jerome Workman, Jr.


Jerome Workman, Jr. serves on the Editorial Advisory Board of Spectroscopy and is currently with Unity Scientific LLC. He is also an adjunct professor at Liberty University and U.S. National University. He can be reached at

Calibration Transfer, Part VI: The Mathematics of Photometric Standards Used for Spectroscopy
November 1, 2014

How do current commercial instruments vary with respect to photometric accuracy and precision over time? What are potential solutions to this challenge?

Units of Measure in Spectroscopy, Part II: What Does It Mean?
September 1, 2014

Now that we have shown the relationships between different units for concentration, we continue by demonstrating their effects on the data we collected and used for our examples. What are the ramifications and consequences of these findings?

Calibration Transfer, Part V: The Mathematics of Wavelength Standards Used for Spectroscopy
June 1, 2014

What are the techniques and mathematics used to compute uncertainty, and the optimum methods for maintaining wavelength accuracy within instrumentation over time, when considering measurement condition changes?

Units of Measure in Spectroscopy, Part I: It's the Volume, Folks!
February 14, 2014

The data show that different units of measurement have different relationships to the spectral values, for reasons having nothing to do with the spectroscopy. This finding disproves the assumption that different measures of concentration are equivalent except, perhaps, for a constant scaling factor.

Calibration Transfer, Part IV: Measuring the Agreement Between Instruments Following Calibration Transfer
October 1, 2013

The statistical methods used for evaluating the agreement between two or more instruments (or methods) for reported analytical results are discussed, with an emphasis on acceptable analytical accuracy and confidence levels using two standard approaches, standard uncertainty or relative standard uncertainty, and Bland-Altman "limits of agreement."

Calibration Transfer, Part III: The Mathematical Aspects
June 1, 2013

Calibration transfer is a series of techniques used to apply a single spectral database, and the calibration model developed using that database, to two or more instruments. Here, we review the mathematical approaches and issues related to the calibration transfer process.

Calibration Transfer, Part II: The Instrumentation Aspects
May 1, 2013

Part II of this series surveys the issues related to instrument measurement differences associated with the calibration transfer problem.

Calibration Transfer
February 1, 2013

A definition for calibration transfer is proposed, along with a method for evaluating it, based on recent discoveries about the nature of light absorbance in spectroscopic analysis.

Classical Least Squares, Part XI: Comparison of Results from the Two Laboratories Continued, and Then the Light Dawns
October 1, 2012

In the final installment of this series, the main problem is solved using the CLS algorithm to find that the spectroscopy is sensitive to the volume fractions of the various components in a mixture.

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