Special Issues-10-01-2016

Chronic kidney disease or kidney complication resulting from another systematic disorder can impact the organ’s blood filtering capability resulting in the passage of blood-born proteins through the kidneys and into urine.  Clinical analyses for blood proteins in urine are performed to assess proper kidney function or to monitor a diagnosed disorder.  Serum albumin is a common target in these clinical assays and detection of elevated SA levels in urine is termed Albuminuria. Because of normal variability in urine content and volume multiple measurements are often made in comparison to creatitine levels within the same urine sample and reported as a ratio (ACR).  Demonstrated here is a novel means for quantifying albumin and creatinine directly from the same urine sample using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry.  Standard addition of albumin and deuterated creatinine (d3) into control urine produced a linear and quantitative response (R2 = 0.99 and 0.98) and is used to quantify both analytes across their clinically relevant ranges. This MS-based method represents a simple, fast, attractive alternative to currently clinical methods.

This article investigates the use of gas chromatography–time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC–TOF MS) to fragrance-profile three essential oils (ginger, wintergreen and rosemary). As well as considering the compositional differences between the oils, we will examine the use of peak deconvolution to identify closely-eluting compounds, and explore the use of soft electron ionization, assisted by comparison of ion ratios, to discriminate between isomeric monoterpenes that are difficult to identify at conventional 70 eV ionization energies due to their very similar mass spectra.

Compounds that are added as fragrances to personal care products (PCPs) can also be allergens or skin irritants for some consumers. Knowing whether these compounds are present in a product is important for both consumers with known allergies and for manufacturers in order to be compliant with various regulations related to allergens. Here, a GC-TOFMS method was developed to screen for and quantify regulated allergens in approximately 5 minutes. This method utilized a short and narrow chromatographic column along with mathematical deconvolution of the TOFMS data to separate the target allergens from each other in the standards and from matrix interference in samples. Calibration equations were compiled for standards from 1 ppb to 1 ppm (on-column) with excellent linearity and correlation coefficients. These were applied to various commercially-available perfume and cologne samples to determine quantitative information for the targeted allergens. The full-mass range data acquisition also provided for non-targeted characterization and comparisons to better understand the aroma profile of each sample. The reported method reduced analysis time for allergen screening while simultaneously increasing the acquired information about the PCP samples.

The power of nontargeted metabolite profiling is illustrated in a study focused on the determination of molecular markers in malting barley that are predictive of desirable malting quality for brewing applications. The metabolite extraction, detection, and analysis methods are highthroughput and reproducible, and therefore, this approach represents a practical addition to the plant breeder’s molecular toolbox.

Pain management LC analyses can be difficult to optimize due to the limited selectivity of C18 and phenyl-hexyl phases. In contrast, the selectivity of Raptor Biphenyl superficially porous particle (SPP) LC columns provides complete resolution of isobaric pain medications with a total cycle time of 5 min.

This application note details a GC-MS-based analytical method for the qualitative and quantitative determination of Irganox 1076 and 1010 in polyethylene.

Click the title above to open the October 2016 issue of Current Trends in Mass Spectrometry, Volume 14, Number 4, in an interactive PDF format.