New Method Unveiled for Assessing Platinum Valence State in Catalysts


In a recent study, X-ray fluorescence spectrum analysis was conducted to estimate the valance states of platinum.

A recent study published in Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy details a novel method for determining the platinum valence state in alumina-based catalysts (1). The study, led by Victor M. Chubarov of the Vinogradov Institute of Geochemistry, helps advance and improve catalyst performance, which is an essential process in modern oil refining.

Factory - oil and gas industry | Image Credit: © TTstudio -

Factory - oil and gas industry | Image Credit: © TTstudio -

The research team, comprised of scientists from the Vinogradov Institute of Geochemistry, Irkutsk State University, and Irkutsk National Research Technical University, unveiled a novel approach that involved X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrum analysis. In their study, the team used XRF analysis to estimate the platinum valence state, which required leveraging the intensities of specific L- and M-series lines (1).

The research involved measurements of metallic platinum (Pt0) and potassium tetrachloroplatinate K2[PtCl4] (PtII) using a wavelength-dispersive spectrometer (1). By focusing on the ratios of closely spaced platinum XRF spectrum L-series lines (Lα2/Lα1, Lβ2/Lβ1, Lβ4,6/Lβ1), as well as examining the broadening of PtMα1,2 line as influential parameters, the team made significant strides (1).

Once the data was collected, the team used a pseudo-Voight function to analyze the Lα1 to Lα2 peak amplitudes (1). The findings revealed that the Lα1 to Lα2 peak amplitudes for K2[PtCl4] stood at 0.118, while for Pt0, it measured 0.162 (1). The team also observed variations in the ratio of peak amplitudes in the Lβ lines. Notably, the broadening of the Mα1,2 line showcased a substantial intensity difference (25 rel.%) between Pt0 and K2[PtCl4] at 2.044 keV (1).

The research team found out that the analytical parameters studied for the alumina-based catalysts closely mirrored values for Pt0 rather than those of K2[PtCl4] (1). This alignment strongly suggests that platinum within the examined catalysts exists in a state akin to metallic, potentially with a nuanced inclination towards the ionic state (1).

The study of the L- and M-series X-ray fluorescence spectrum of metallic platinum (Pt0) and potassium tetrachloroplatinate (PtII) demonstrated the sensitivity of Pt Lα2 and Pt Lα1 lines intensities ratio, as well as the broadening of the Pt Mα1,2 line, in determining the platinum chemical state.

The methodology used in this study advances catalyst analysis. As a result, it could be used to enhancing the understanding and optimization of catalyst performance in various industrial applications.

This article was written with the help of artificial intelligence and has been edited to ensure accuracy and clarity. You can read more about our policy for using AI here.


(1) Chubarov, V. M.; Finkelshtein, A. L.; Skornikova, S. A. Determination of Platinum Valence State in Alumina-based Catalysts by X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry. Spectrochimica Acta Part B. At. Spectrosc. 2023, 209, 106803. DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2023.106803

Recent Videos
John Burgener | Photo Credit: © Will Wetzel
Related Content