Plastics Polymers and Rubber

Solving Polymer Problems Using IR Spectroscopy

July 12, 2017

Naoto Nagai, of the Industrial Research Institute of Niigata Prefecture in Japan, has been studying the potential of IR spectroscopy for investigating higher-order structures of polymers. He and his colleagues recently looked at the IR spectra of polyoxymethylene (POM) mold plates and the cause of occasional resin cracks.

Monitoring Polymer Phase Transitions by Combining Rheology and Raman Spectroscopy

June 01, 2017

Special Issues

The in situ combination of rheometry and Raman spectroscopy allows for real-time, synchronized measurement of both physical and chemical material properties.

FT-IR Microscopic Analysis of Polymer Laminate Samples Including Transmission and ATR Spectroscopy

August 01, 2016

Special Issues

Polymer laminates typically make complex samples for infrared analysis, comprising multiple layers with defined thicknesses, in some cases less than 10 µm. When measuring extremely narrow laminate layers, the use of attenuated total reflectance (ATR) may provide improved spectra of the laminate cross-section, because ATR microscope objectives offer a greater spatial resolution than transmission due to additional magnification. This paper details the preparation of polymer laminate sample cross-sections and the collection of transmission and ATR spectra of various layers. Further analysis of the laminate spectra will also be explored utilizing a multivariate curve resolution (MCR) algorithm. An example laminate sample is examined utilizing all the tools available on a standard FT-IR microscope.

New Methods in Raman Spectroscopy Advance the Analysis of Polymers and Electrospun Fibers

August 12, 2014

Christian Pellerin, a professor in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Montreal in Canada, is using Raman spectroscopy and the most probable distribution method to quantify the orientation of polymers and electrospun fibers. Spectroscopy recently spoke with him about this work.

Measuring Orientation in Polymer Films

August 01, 2014

Special Issues

The mechanical properties of polymer films such as tensile strength and resistance to tearing depend strongly on the orientation of the polymer chains. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy can be used to measure the degree of orientation both within the plane of the film and normal to it.

Sample Preparation–Free Micro ATR FT -IR Chemical Imaging of Polymers and Polymer Laminates

March 01, 2013

Spectroscopy

A new method allows samples to be measured "as-is" with direct contact with the ATR crystal.

Infrared Specular Reflection Calculated for Polymer Films on Polymer Substrates: Models for the Spectra of Coated Plastics

August 01, 2012

Special Issues

Infrared reflection spectroscopy is a tool that can be used to study coated plastics, but the spectra can show unexpected features. In this report, we calculate the specular reflectance for a flat surface of two different polymers as well as how their spectra change when the other polymer is added as a film with a thickness of up to 2.5 ?m. One of the unusual phenomena we observe is that "derivative"-shaped substrate bands invert in sign as the other polymer is added as a coating. We also show how the reflection of the surface changes and becomes polarized as the angle of incidence increases.

Sample Preparation - Free Micro ATR FT-IR Chemical Imaging of Polymers and Polymer Laminates

August 01, 2012

Special Issues

The micro attenuated total reflectance (ATR) chemical imaging of polymers, in particular polymer laminates, typically requires significant pressure to ensure good sample-to-ATR crystal contact. For thin cross-sectioned materials, ensuring structural rigidity against this pressure requires significant sample preparation, such as resin embedding, cutting, and polishing.

Interpreting Raman Spectra of Functionalized Polymers: Applying the Tricks of the Trade

June 01, 2012

Spectroscopy

The interpretation of Raman spectra is discussed for a series of functionalized celluloses.

GPC–IR Hyphenated Technology to Characterize Copolymers and to Deformulate Complex Polymer Mixtures in Polymer-Related Industries

August 01, 2011

Special Issues

Liquid chromatography–mid infrared spectroscopy (LC-IR) is a powerful tool for copolymer analysis. This article describes an automated, self-regulating solvent-removal interface that produces continuous transmission spectra from the deposited, solvent-free, solid-phase chromatogram.