Optimizing Strategies of Raman Spectra Model Combining Pre-processing and Classification for Diagnosis of Lung Cancer

Article

A new study utilized genetic algorithms to optimize pre-processing strategies and classification models such as SVM, multilayer perceptron, and PLS-DA for improved lung cancer diagnosis using Raman spectra data.

A recent study conducted at Zhejiang University of Technology has proposed optimizing strategies for the diagnosis of lung cancer using a Raman spectra model (1). The research, published in the journal Spectroscopy Letters, demonstrates the effectiveness of combining pre-processing techniques with classification models to improve the accuracy of data analysis (1).

3d rendered medically accurate illustration of lung cancer | Image Credit: © SciePro - stock.adobe.com

3d rendered medically accurate illustration of lung cancer | Image Credit: © SciePro - stock.adobe.com

The study focused on analyzing Raman spectra data obtained from human blood serum samples. The researchers investigated the steps and sequences of pre-processing methods for 76 healthy individuals and 84 lung cancer patients. By employing genetic algorithms and pipelines, they explored different data analysis models, including support vector machine (SVM) with linear and nonlinear kernels, multilayer perceptron, and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA).

In the study, genetic algorithms were utilized to optimize the pipeline of pre-processing strategies and classification models for the diagnosis of lung cancer using Raman spectra. The algorithms explored different combinations and sequences of pre-processing steps to enhance the accuracy of data analysis.

The findings of the study revealed that the steps and sequence of pre-processing techniques varied depending on the classification models used. It was observed that the optimized pipelines, obtained through genetic algorithms, significantly improved data analysis accuracy. Furthermore, the researchers determined that SVM models, specifically those employing linear kernels, were more suitable for the classification of the lung cancer serum data.

The evaluation of the optimized pipelines considered both execution time and optimization results. The genetic algorithms effectively identified the most efficient pre-processing strategies, allowing for more precise classification of the Raman spectra data. By optimizing the pipeline of pre-processing techniques and classification models, the study contributes to the advancement of lung cancer diagnosis through Raman spectroscopy.

Raman spectroscopy is a non-invasive technique that holds great potential in the field of medical diagnostics. By analyzing the unique molecular fingerprint of biological samples, it offers a promising avenue for early detection and accurate classification of various diseases, including cancer. The study adds to the growing body of research aimed at harnessing the power of Raman spectroscopy for improved healthcare outcomes.

As the research field continues to develop, further investigations are warranted to explore additional optimization strategies and refine the classification models. The findings of this study provide valuable insights for future endeavors in leveraging Raman spectra analysis for the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer.

The research exemplifies the interdisciplinary collaboration between spectroscopy and medical science, showcasing the potential for innovative approaches in disease diagnosis. By enhancing the accuracy of data analysis through optimized pre-processing techniques and classification models, the study brings us one step closer to more effective and efficient lung cancer diagnosis.

Reference

(1) Wang, Z.; Jin, H.; Jin, S.; Jiang, L.; Dou, T. Optimizing strategies of Raman spectra model combining pre-processing and classification for diagnosis of lung cancer. Spectrosc. Lett. 2023, ASAP. DOI:10.1080/00387010.2023.2209154