Mixtures of methanol in ethanol were investigated using an automated ATR accessory. The spectral bands of methanol and ethanol were evaluated showing the expected absorbance changes.
Quantitation of contaminants and toxins within human-consumable products is a critically important aspect of ensuring consumer safety. Methanol contamination of consumable alcoholic beverages is particularly concerning due to the acute toxicity of methanol, with 4 mL of ingested methanol leading to irreversible vision loss and 30 mL of methanol potentially resulting in death (1). Recently, headlines discussing deaths and injuries linked to methanol contamination of commercially available liquors at popular resorts have emphasized the importance of methanol screening and quantitation methodologies.
Here, we use PIKE Technologies' automated ATR accessory, the AutoATR, to observe the spectral changes over various concentrations of methanol in ethanol (Figure 1). The AutoATR uses 24 unique Si ATR elements, which have a thickness of 500 microns. The thin profile of the ATR crystal minimizes absorption of the IR source by the Si phonon bands which, in combination with the accessory's base optics, results in high energy throughput and reproducibility.
Sampling automation is made possible by the AutoPRO7 software package. AutoPRO7 streamlines the collection of all background and sample spectra, reducing the required user involvement to the distribution of samples after the background spectra acquisition has completed.
A series of five concentrations of methanol in ethanol were investigated, including 0, 10, 20, 30, and 40% v/v methanol in ethanol. Each mixture was created using an Eppendorf micropipette and high-purity methanol and ethanol. After each mixture was created, a clean micropipette tip was used to distribute 120 μL of each solution into the AutoATR well plates after the background spectra acquisition was completed.
The ATR spectrum of each methanol/ethanol sample is shown in Figure 2. The dominant spectral bands of ethanol correspond to the 1087 and 1046 cm-1, while methanol exhibits a characteristic spectral band at 1033 cm-1. The complementary change in concentration of the two species is highlighted by the isosbestic point at 1036 cm-1 of the ATR spectra.
Quantitation of contaminants and toxins such as methanol is critically important to ensuring the well-being of consumers. In order to streamline these measurements, automated technologies such as the AutoATR provide a uniquely accurate and high-throughput approach to ATR-based chemical identification. The AutoATR has proven capable of spectrally distinguishing methanol from ethanol and is well-suited for quantifying individual species in mixed solutions.
(1) A. Dasgupta and A. Wahed, Clinical Chemistry, Immunology and Laboratory Quality Control (Elsevier, San Diego, California, 2014), pp. 317–335.
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