Rapid Sample Preparation and Fast GC–MS-MS for the Analysis of Pesticides and Environmental Contaminants in Fish

May 1, 2014
Yelena Sapozhnikova

Spectroscopy E-Books

Spectroscopy E-Books, Spectroscopy E-Books-05-01-2014, Volume e2, Issue 1

A rapid, high-throughput analytical method was developed and evaluated for the simultaneous determination of pesticides and environmental contaminants in fish. The compounds included polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and flame retardants. The method was based on a QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe) technique with acetonitrile extraction, and a dispersive solid-phase extraction (dSPE) cleanup. Three sorbent combinations were compared for cleanup efficiency and recoveries of the contaminants: C18+PSA, traditionally used for lipid removal in dSPE, and two novel sorbents, based on silica coated with zirconium dioxide (ZrO2 ) and ZrO2 /C18, designed for phospholipid removal. The dSPE cleanup with ZrO2 sorbent provided the highest efficiency with the lowest baseline, as well as satisfactory recoveries (70–120% calculated based on isotope-labeled internal standards) for the most analytes. The method allows for quick sample preparation of fish samples for the analysis of almost 200 targeted contaminants using fast, lowpressure gas chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (GC–MS-MS), thus providing a wide scope of analysis.

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