Author | Brian C. Smith

Articles

The Carbonyl Group, Part V: Carboxylates—Coming Clean

May 01, 2018

Spectroscopy

Article

Carboxylates are made by reacting carboxylic acids with strong bases such as inorganic hydroxides. Carboxylates contain two unique carbon–oxygen “bond and half” linkages that coordinate with a metal ion to give two strong infrared peaks, which make them easy to see.

The C=O Bond, Part IV: Acid Anhydrides

March 01, 2018

Spectroscopy

Article

Acid anhydrides are unique in that they have two carbonyl groups in them. The intensity and position of their IR peaks can be used to determine which of the four types of anhydride exist in a sample.