Ep. 21: Using Reference Standards for Spectroscopic Measurements


Welcome to “Analytically Speaking,” the podcast from LCGC and Spectroscopy.

Here in Episode #21, podcast host Dr. Jerry Workman speaks with Dr. Art Springsteen about the history and challenges associated with reflection and color standards used around the world for optical spectroscopy.

Dr. Art Springsteen is founder and former CEO of Avian Technologies LLC in New London, New Hampshire and technologist responsible for developing many reflection, wavelength, and color standards used around the world for decades.

References and Further Reading


(1) Springsteen, A.; Ricker, T. Standards for the Measurement of Diffuse Reflectance. Part I. NIR News 1996, 7 (4), 6–9. https://doi.org/10.1255/nirn.371

(2) Springsteen, A.; Ricker, T. Standards for the Measurement of Diffuse Reflectance: Part II. NIR News 1996, 7 (5), 12–13. https://doi.org/10.1255/nirn.382

(3) Springsteen, A.; Yurek, R.; Frazier, M.; Carr, K. F. In vitro measurement of sun protection factor of sunscreens by diffuse transmittance. Anal. Chim. Acta 1999, 380 (2-3), 155–164. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(98)00577-7

(4) Springsteen, A. Introduction to measurement of color of fluorescent materials. Anal. Chim. Acta 1999, 380 (2-3), 183–192. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(98)00578-9

(5) Springsteen, A. Standards for the measurement of diffuse reflectance–an overview of available materials and measurement laboratories. Anal. Chim. Acta 1999, 380 (2-3), 379–390. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(98)00576-5

(6) Workman, J.; Graverson, D.; Pilecky, R. C.; Springsteen, A. The use of stable fluorescent artifacts for calibration of brightness levels in polyolefin films and plastic sheets using a precise set of fluorescent calibration standards. Spectrosc. Lett. 2002, 35 (2), 245–256. https://doi.org/10.1081/SL-120003810

(7) Frost, T.; Springsteen, A. Optical spectrometry: Applications and Instrumentation into the 21st Century. Anal. Chim. Acta 1999, 380 (2-3), 113. https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/analytica-chimica-acta/vol/380/issue/2


(8) Workman Jr., J.; Springsteen, A. Eds. Applied Spectroscopy: A Compact Reference for Practitioners. Academic Press, 1998, pp. 193, 247. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-764070-9.X5000-8

(9) Workman Jr., J., Ed. The Concise Handbook Of Analytical Spectroscopy, The: Theory, Applications, And Reference Materials (In 5 Volumes). World Scientific, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1142/8800

More about our hosts:

Dwight Stoll, PhD:

Dwight R. Stoll is a professor of chemistry at Gustavus Adolphus College in St. Peter, Minnesota. He received his PhD from the University of Minnesota, under Professor Peter Carr, working on the development of fast, comprehensive two-dimensional liquid chromatography (2D-LC). Stoll’s current primary research focus is on the development of 2D-LC for both targeted and untargeted analyses. Active research projects in his laboratory touch on most aspects of multidimensional separation methodologies, including optimization strategies, characterization of selectivity in reversed-phase LC, instrument development, and applications in biopharmaceutical analysis. Stoll is the author or co-author of more than 80 peer-reviewed publications and six book chapters and has instructed numerous short courses in 2D-LC. In 2011 he was the recipient of LCGC’s Emerging Leader in Chromatography Award. In 2017 he received the Georges Guiochon Faculty Fellowship, and was recognized with an Agilent Technologies Thought Leader Award. He is also a member of LCGC’s editorial advisory board and is the editor of the “LC Troubleshooting” column in LCGC.

Jerome Workman, Jr., PhD:

Jerome (Jerry) J. Workman, Jr. is the Senior Technical Editor for LCGC and Spectroscopy. He has held positions as CTO, executive VP, senior research fellow, director, and senior scientist at companies of all sizes, from start-ups to world-leading corporations. He has been an adjunct faculty member of four universities and advised multiple graduate students. He has more than 75 U.S. and international patent applications and 30 issued U.S. and international patents and multiple trade secrets, as well as 500+ technical publications, and 20 reference book volumes on a broad range of spectroscopy and data processing techniques. He has received multiple awards from scientific societies, and has taught annual courses in spectroscopy, chemometrics, and statistics for the AOAC, ACS, ISA, FACSS, and at several universities and corporations. He is a Fellow of the American Institute of Chemists (FAIC), the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), and the Royal Society of Chemistry in the UK (FRSC, CChem, CSci). Jerry holds B.A and M.A degrees from Saint Mary's University of Minnesota, and a PhD degree from Columbia Pacific University working in near-infrared spectroscopy. He is an alumnus of both Columbia University Business School and the MIT Sloan School of Management.

About the Analytically Speaking Podcast:

Analytically Speaking, the podcast from LCGC and Spectroscopy, addresses important issues in separation science and analytical spectroscopy. Topics include new analytical techniques, methods, and approaches; the latest trends; advances in instrument and software technology; practical solutions for specific applications; recent papers in the scientific literature and their applicability; challenges and solutions for data analysis and interpretation; analytical chemistry theory and fundamentals (from advanced research to tutorials and troubleshooting); and more. Our regular hosts are Dwight Stoll, PhD, a professor of chemistry at Gustavus Adolphus College in St. Peter, Minnesota, and Jerry Workman, PhD, a spectroscopist, noted author, and currently the Senior Technical Editor of Spectroscopy and LCGC. Dwight covers separation science and Jerry addresses spectroscopy related topics.

Connect with us on social media:

LCGC LinkedIn page

LCGC on Twitter

LCGC on Facebook

Spectroscopy LinkedIn page

Spectroscopy on Twitter

Spectroscopy on Facebook

Subscribe to LCGC or Spectroscopy magazine or our newsletters.

Email us at LCGCedit@mmhgroup.com.

To advertise on the show, contact Ed Fantuzzi at efantuzzi@MJHlifesciences.com.

Related Content