Ute Schmidt


Criteria for High-Quality Raman Microscopy

June 01, 2019

Five key qualitative factors–speed, sensitivity, resolution, modularity and upgradeability, and combinability–contribute to the quality of confocal Raman imaging microscopes. Using application examples, this article introduces modern Raman imaging and correlative imaging techniques, and presents state-of-the-art practice examples from polymer research, pharmaceutics, low-dimensional materials research, and life sciences.

Chemometric Raman Imaging Data Analysis

September 01, 2009

The development of advanced polymeric materials requires detailed information about the phase separation process on the nanometer scale. Confocal Raman microscopy contributes to the analysis of such materials by visualizing the distribution of individual components based on the unique Raman spectra for different polymeric materials. Using a confocal setup, polymer domains can be imaged three-dimensionally with a resolution down to 200 nm. As a Raman image typically consists of tens of thousands of spectra, a powerful data analysis software is essential in order to extract the relevant information. Hidden structures in the images should ideally be visualized automatically, ensuring an objective and consistent interpretation of the imaging data.

Automated Confocal Raman and Atomic Force Microscopy Imaging of Nanostructured Materials and Devices

June 01, 2008

The combination of confocal Raman and atomic force microscopes allows chemical and surface topography imaging of large samples without any ongoing process control by an operator. This article describes the relevant measurement principles and presents examples of automated measurements on nanostructured materials.

Combining Confocal Raman with Atomic force Microscopy for High-Resolution Material Analysis

June 02, 2005

Confocal Raman microscopy can be useful when applied to all samples that are heterogeneous on the micrometer to millimeter scale and that generally can be investigated by Raman spectroscopy. This article presents examples of confocal Raman microscopy from various fields of application including pharmaceutical analysis and stress measurements in semiconductors.