CMOS Technology for Scientific Imaging
February 11, 2011
Laser and Optics Interface
Starting in the 1980s and continuing today, there have been large improvements in charge-coupled devices (CCDs), driven to a large extent by the needs of both the military and the scientific community consisting of astronomers, chemists, and biologists. This resulted in technologies such as back thinning to increase UV and near-infrared (NIR) sensitivity, deep depletion to increase NIR sensitivity, as well as the direct detection of X-rays.